Enteric fever, also known as typhoid, is a common worldwide bacterial disease caused by the ingestion of contaminated food or water which contain the bacterium Salmonella enterica enterica, serovarTyphi. It is very common in India. Symptoms usually develop one to two weeks after exposure, and may be mild or severe. Symptoms include high fever, malaise, headache, constipation or diarrhoea, rose-colored spots on the chest, and enlarged spleen and liver. Healthy carrier state may follow acute illness. Typhoid fever can be treated with antibiotics.
However, resistance to common antimicrobials is widespread. Healthy carriers should be excluded from handling food.
The bacteria that cause typhoid fever is S. typhi.
It spread through contaminated food, drink, or water. If person eats or drinks something which is contaminated, the bacteria may enter body. Then it travel into the intestines, and then into bloodstream, where it can get into lymph nodes, gallbladder, liver, spleen, and other parts of body.