Dengue Fever – Introduction
Dengue fever is caused by dengue virus & is transmitted by the bite of a typical mosquito called Aedes aegypti , if it is also infected with it. The other name for this mosquito is Tiger mosquito because of the presence of stripes on wings and legs.
Characteristic of Aedes Aegypti mosquito-
Aedes Aegypti mosquito bites (sucks blood) an infected human during his/her illness phase and gets infected for life time. This infected mosquito acts as carrier and then transmits the virus to other human beings which then manifest the disease.
All ages and both sexes are susceptible to Dengue fever. Children usually have a milder disease than adults. Illness is characterized by an incubation period of 3-10 days (commonly 5-6 days).
Any case of fever in rainy season should be suspected for dengue.
Following findings are a clue towards dengue-
Confirmation could be done by finding the presence of antibodies to virus in the blood.
The management of dengue fever is mainly symptomatic and supportive. It is important to carefully watch the patient for next few days as this disease can rapidly progress and lead to a medical emergency.
Warning signs which need immediate consultation from a doctor:
Source: Hindustan Times New Delhi Edition
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